WHO defines health as ‘a state of complete physical, mental, and social
well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.’ MENTAL
WELL-BEING a word in this definition is what people overlook. It is often
regarded as an excuse and not treated as a severe health issue. More often
mental illness is stereotyped and is a stigma where it leads to denied benefits,
jobs, proper care and attention. You must know about the types of mental illness.
A data from the national commission on macroeconomics and health,2005, may
act as a wake up call for everyone that around 1-2% of the population suffer from
various types of mental illness and nearly 5% of the population suffers from common
mental illnesses and 0.06% of the health budget is kept for mental illness which
portrays the sorry state of affairs in our country.
Depression, anxiety, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder,and eating disorders,
these are some of the common mental illnesses that are hard to identify. They
make daily routine life difficult for no apparent reason. They are often
misdiagonsed because of the similar symptoms. Most of the time neglected by
the person suffering from it and often brushed off as attention seeking activity by
friends and family.
These types of mental illness and health issues which also include panic
attacks, mood disorders often can be related to heavy stress that may be at work
or home. These can be put off once there is a lifestyle change, by professional
help and mediation on a daily basis.
Severe types of mental illnesses include schizophernia, bipolar disorder, multiple
personality disorder, dissassociative identity disorder, phycosis etc. These are
critical because it causes serious emotional, physical damage to the people
related to the one suffering. These disorders don’t allow a person to be
independent or alone and most often such people end up in medical facilities
which work on uprooting these problems for good, so that they can have a
chance at living a normal life.
What this calls for is awareness and education for everyone. We should not only
be able to understand their problems, but also help them come forward with it
and not feel ashamed about it. It is time we break the stigma around depression and other types of mental illness.
While depression, in real life, was faced by celebrities like Robin Williams and Deepika Padukone and the
disassociaive identity disorder was portrayed onscreen by artists like Vidya Balan which has
managed to throw some light on the seriousness of this issue. Accepting having
a problem is the first step to solving it and this doesn’t just apply to the patient, it