Political, Social

 What is Ayodhya Dispute all about, Conflict of History or Faith?

Ram Mandir Babri Masjid Dispute

The honourable Supreme Court on came out with the surprising judgment in context of the peculiar Ram Mandir and Babri Masjid issue. This as we all know is a sensitive issue and the court is acting extremely cautious in handling the same. The honourable Supreme Court has suggested that negotiations be conducted between opposing parties and a settlement is sought outside the court with Chief Justice of India JS Khehar being the mediator between the parties to this dispute. These parties include the Sunni Muslim WAQF, Hindu Mahasabha and the Nirmohi Akhara.

The Supreme Court has asked Subramanian Swamy to talk to all parties to try and convince them to renew his request for early hearing of petitions on March 31. If these parties fail to strike a consensus and a mutual chord then the judicial process would proceed in its own manner. As for now a negotiation is what is being recommended to resolve this very sensitive issue which has two religions standing against each other. This recommendation for an amiable settlement has hence been put forth seeing the sensitivity of the issue. This Ram Mandir and Babri Masjid issue since the demolition of Babri Masjid in 1992 after a political rally took an ugly face has been a flashpoint of political and religious debates. In the wake of the demolition several violent repercussions occurred and people were killed. Hence to rule this in favour of one faction and against the other might again take an ugly turn which the Supreme Court rightly wants to evade. Any decision which favors a single side might trigger violence of the form that has occurred in the past.

1992 Babri Masjid Demolition

On December 6 the ancient Babri Masjid was turned into dust by the ‘kersevaks’ with the support of VHP, BJP and Shiv Sena. This triggered widespread violence between Hindus and Muslims claiming over 2000 lives.

2001 Tension

The VHP on the anniversary of demolition asserted that the Ram Mandir will be built under any condition. This elevated the tension once again.

2002 Carnage

Around 60 people were killed when a train in Godhra carrying kersevaks was attacked. Fierce riots took place as a repercussion of this and this time 1000 lives were claimed by this right. The Archeological Survey of India was ordered by the Allahabad High Court to excavate the site to find out if there ever was a Ram temple present at the disputed site.

2003 Excavation

Archeological Survey of India started excavation to find witnesses and reported presence of remains of Ram Mandir under the demolished remains of the Babri Masjid. The Muslim bodies refute the findings of the Archeological Survey of India.

Change of Power

The BJP government fell at the centre and the United Progressive Alliance led by the Indian National Congress took the onus of the centre government and Dr. Manmohan Singh became the Prime Minister.

2005 Attack

Islamic Militants attack the disputed site and are killed by the security forces. Around 5 militants were killed if claims of the security forces are to paid heed to.

Liberhan Commission report of 2009

The Liberhan commission set to investigate the demolition of the Babri Masjid and the violence thereafter submitted its report. This surfaced tremors as BJP members were held responsible for the same in accordance with the report presented by the Liberhan Commission in the year 2009.

2010 Allahabad High Court Judgment 

In 2010 the Allahabad High Court pronounced judgments on the disputed land of the demolished site. In a landmark and rather strange judgment the High Court ordered that the disputed land ought to be divided equally between three factions. These stakeholders were represented by Hindu Mahasabha, Sunni WAQF Board and the Nirmohi Akahara. The Allahabad High Court ruled that one third of the disputed land shall be given to each stakeholder.

In 2011 however, the honourable Supreme Court stayed the verdict of the Allahabad High Court citing the judgment of division of land as ‘strange.’ This however, seemed appropriate and in the best interest of all the stakeholders and more importantly harmony in the state and the nation. What could have been a better alternative

Since then the matter has been with the Supreme Court

Another development that is interesting is that in 2015 after Modi claimed power in 2014 the VHP decided to hold a mass drive. This drive was to take stones in abundance to Ayodhya to build the Ram Mandir and the VHP claimed that the government was with them. This was however resented and suppressed. Such instances of violence and chances of inflicting violence have been many since the demolition of the ancient Babri Masjid in 1992

Now if the idea of amicable solution fails then the matter would go back to the Supreme Court. Supreme Court once again would find itself in the fix of not triggering any dissent or violence by its judgment. Now after the division of land judgment has been stayed it is obvious that if the court is to now take a call it would be in favour of a faction and against the others which might have serious repercussions. Amicable negotiations seem the most appropriate and the stakeholders should and must come to a consensus in order to resolve this in a manner that hurts the interests of no one. This has been a sensitive issue for the religious angle it has and hence people are emotionally attached to this issue. Any decision either by negotiations or trough the judicial course has to be very deliberate in upholding the interests of all the stake holders involved.

The BJP in its manifesto for UP polls did say that the law would be followed to build the Ram Mandir as soon as possible. With BJP sweeping polls and a staunch Hindu leader made the Chief Minister BJP would now have the onus to deliver this or maybe it was just an election idiom. This promise made in the manifesto however might have played a role in giving the BJP the sort of Mandate they got. Now BJP would be tested on its credibility in the manner the same is resolved and taken care of. L.K Advani, Murli Manohar Joshi and Uma Bharti are already facing trail for being allegedly involved in the demolition and also for instigating violence.


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